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Alaska [English ə læskə], abbreviation Alas. Post officially signed, the northernmost and 1.5 million km 2 of the largest state in the US, (2017) 739 800 residents (1960 226 200 1980 401 900 2000: 627,000 residents). The capital is Juneau, the largest city is Anchorage. Alaska has no counties like the other states of the USA; it is divided into 19 districts (boroughs), plus a district without its own local administration (Unorganized Borough), which is divided into ten census areas.Alaska is separated from the mainland mainland of the USA by Canadian territory; in its panhandle, which is rich in fjords and islands and is up to 250 km wide, in which the capital Juneau is located, Alaska extends to 54 ° 40 ′ north latitude to the south. The border with Russia runs through the Bering Strait and the Bering Sea.
Law and Politics
According to the constitution of 1956, which has been amended several times (in force since 1959), there is a Senate with 20 and a House of Representatives with 40 members. Alaska is represented in the federal congress by two senators and one MP.
In 2016, 66.1% were white, 15.2% of the total population were Inuit, Yupik, Aleutian and Indian, 6.3% Asian, 3.8% Black, 8.6% other. With less than 0.5 residents per km 2 Alaska is the populated thinnest state in the US. Over half of Alaska’s population lives in the greater Anchorage area.
The traffic to the south is served by the Alaska Highway, and also by air and ship routes via Seattle. Inside there are over 500 airfields for public and private air traffic; the international airport in Anchorage has become less important. The only railway line (756 km) is from Seward Port via Anchorage to Fairbanks; the railway line from the port of Skagway to Whitehorse (Canada) was closed in 1982, but has been in operation again since 1992.
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Bering Land Bridge National Park
The remains of the mainland bridge that used to connect Alaska with Asia are referred to as the Bering Land Bridge. This protected natural area was declared a national park in 1978 and today covers an area of 1,092,162 hectares.
12,000 years ago, during the last ice age, the water level dropped, revealing the mainland that connected Alaska with the Russian Chukchi Peninsula. Humans, animals and plants have thus been allowed to migrate between the two continents. Archaeologists have subsequently named the bridge Beringia. Today, people in these two areas speak the same languages, have the same traditions and customs, and are dependent on the surrounding nature. This is despite the fact that they are again separated by water. In 1990, US President George W. Bush and Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev signed an agreement to establish an International Historical Park.
Today, the Bering Land Bridge National Park is a popular destination for a variety of researchers and scientists. A large number of animals live in this wild nature and we can also find endemic plant species here. The diverse landscape of the park has become a home for bears, walruses, birds, fish, wolverines, foxes and other animals and contributes significantly to their protection.
People living near the park are dependent on the local nature and live in harmony with it. Like other American parks, the Bering Land Bridge is a living museum. Residents from all over the area meet here at all kinds of events and hunting festivals throughout the year. The government is trying to cooperate and help people on both sides of the park, both in Chukotka and Alaska. The aim is to overcome some information and cultural barriers and to unite local families.