Interested in a graduate degree in Sociology from a top program within the state of New Mexico? We offer rankings of best New Mexico Sociology graduate programs. Review the following schools to see requirements for Master and Doctoral degrees in the area of Sociology.
New Mexico [ nju ː meks ɪ kə ʊ ], abbreviation N. Mex., Post officially NM, German New Mexico, state in the southern United States, bordering Mexico, 314280 km 2, (2015) 2.09 million residents (1960: 951,000, 1980: 1.30 million, 2000: 1.82 million residents). The capital is Santa Fe. New Mexico is divided into 33 counties.
Law and Politics
1912 Constitution (numerous amendments). The Senate has 42 members and the House of Representatives 70 members. New Mexico has 2 senators and 3 MPs in Congress.
The southern Rocky Mountains (Wheeler Peak 4,014 m above sea level) run through the central part of the state. In the east, New Mexico has a share of the Great Plains (High Plains, Llano Estacado), the west is a plateau criss-crossed by many short mountain ranges. There is a steppe climate in the north and a desert climate in the south.
The proportion of whites was 82.8% in 2014, that of Indians 10.4%, that of blacks 2.5%, others 4.3%. The proportion of Hispanics (47.7%) is not greater in any other US state; the roughly 217,000 Indians (Zuni, Apaches, Navajo) live mainly in the 24 Indian reservations. Largest city is Albuquerque. Because of the high proportion of the Hispanic population, Spanish is the official language in addition to English.
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|1||University of New Mexico
Department of Sociology
Address: 1915 Roma NE, Suite 1103, Albuquerque , NM 87131-0001
Phone: (505) 277-2501
Email: [email protected]
Fort Union National Monument
Fort Union was built in 1851 and its main task was to guard the Santa Fe Trail. It was one of the most important forts on this trail, whose terminus was in the town of Santa Fe. Originally, there was only a Spanish settlement here, which eventually became the capital of the colony. Today, Santa Fe, located at the foot of the Sangre de Christo Mountains, is the capital of the state, and you can still see the old and original houses built from red clay, called adobe. The city thus partially resembles an old Indian pueblo. Although some of the houses are newly built, they still have their typical shape and appearance.
The Spanish colonizers tried to convert the local Indian population to the Christian faith. However, they did not succeed very well, some accepted it, but most of them rejected it and prepared a revolt. Under the leadership of leader Popé, the Indians eventually pushed the Spanish into Mexico. In 1680, the Indians even seized Santa Fé and killed around 3,500 settlers during the so-called Pueblo Revolt. The Spanish came to power again only 12 years later and remained here until 1821, when Mexico deprived them of the colony.
The Santa Fe Trail, guarded by Fort Union, stretched 800 miles between the states of New Mexico and Missouri. It stood at the point where two branches of the trail converged, and for a long time it was the only United States outpost in the newly acquired New Mexico. Since the city of Santa Fe was located far from other cities, moreover, it was separated by mountains and desert, this journey was very dangerous for its participants. They were often attacked by local Indian tribes. However, despite these problems, the route became an important trade route.
Around 1821, thousands of fully loaded wagons with a variety of American goods passed through here. Huge profits then rolled in the opposite direction. In 1846, the American-Mexican War broke out and the United States began to strictly control the economy of New Mexico. The Mexicans could not handle the onslaught of American expansion, and New Mexico became an American territory in 1848. In 1912, it was joined to the Union as the 47th state.
The fortress is partially preserved today, some walls and chimneys are almost complete. The outlines of the star embankment, which was built by the Union during the Civil War, are also still noticeable.