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Mormons self-designation Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints [ t ʃ ə ː t ʃ əv d ʒ i ː zəs kra ɪ st əv lætə de ɪ s ɪ nts, English], The Church of Jesus Christ of last Tage, areligious community foundedin Fayette (N.Y.) in 1830 by Joseph Smith (* 1805, † 1844), whocame from a farming family. She relies on the Bible as well as revelations from the Smithin several visions (first in 1820). Smith, who settled with his followers in Ohio in 1831, in Illinois in 1839, and among others. caused a sensation for his polygamous way of life, was imprisoned for various offenses, and in 1844, before there was any trial, he was shot by a crowd storming the prison.
His successor and 1st President of the Mormons, Brigham Young (* 1801, † 1877), set out west in 1846 with 15,000 supporters and after 1847 established the state of Utah with the capital Salt Lake City near the Great Salt Lake. A temple made of white granite was built there as the center in 1853/59. Since then, Salt Lake City has been the seat of the Mormon General Authorities. In addition to the President and his two counselors, they include the “Quorum of the Twelve Apostles”. The 17th president since January 2018 is Russell M. Nelson (* 1924). All presidents who succeed Joseph Smith are considered living prophets who can receive new revelations from God that can be incorporated into the canonical scriptures.
In August 2018, Nelson announced new guidelines to stop calling the denomination “Mormons”. The only permissible terms are “The Church”, “The Church of Jesus Christ” or “The restored Church of Jesus Christ”. Instead of “Mormons”, believers will in future only be called “members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints”.
Fundamental to self-understanding and teaching of the Mormons, the Book of Mormon (English “Book of Mormon”; first printed in 1830), supposedly the English translation of a recorded in “reform Egyptian” language and writing on gold plates text that in 1827 an angel named Moroni to Smith should have passed. Largely influenced by the Old Testament, from which around 400 quotations have been taken, it tells, starting with the supposedly first settlement of America in 590 BC. BC, American history between 600 BC. And 421 AD as a continuation of the biblical story. According to Mormon doctrine, the spirit of man can develop further through the knowledge of the truth and reach a divine essence: “As man is, God once was. How God is can man one day become “. Linked to this is the chiliastic notion that Jesus Christ will appear on the top of the Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City in the end times and establish a 1,000-year kingdom in America. The 1843 citing Smith’s revelations established plural marriage was abolished in 1890.
Characteristic of the Mormons are a patriarchal-hierarchical order, a way of life characterized by strict moral principles with a high esteem for the family, the renouncement of stimulants and a strong missionary orientation. Sacraments are baptism (from the age of 8, performed by immersion), the Sunday supper and the sacrament of the laying on of hands, which supplements baptism, to impart the gifts of the Holy Spirit. The ordinances (“seals”) and teachings associated with Mormon end-time hope are performed as recommended by the church leaders (bishops) in the temple, which is not accessible to non-Mormons. Every male Mormon should serve missionary work for at least two years.
According to its own statements, the community now has over 16 million members worldwide. About 9.2 million (according to other sources about 6 million) Mormons live in their heartland, the USA. In Germany (where the first Mormon congregation was founded in Darmstadt in 1843) there are around 30,000 Mormons (temples in Freiberg / Saxony and Friedrichsdorf / Taunus), in Austria a good 4,600, in Switzerland 9,000 (temples in Zollikofen).
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|Occupational Therapy Programs
|University of Utah
Division of Occupational Therapy
Address: 520 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108
Phone: (801) 585-9135