Interested in a graduate degree in Earth Sciences from a top program within the state of Alabama? We offer rankings of best Alabama Earth Sciences graduate programs. Review the following schools to see requirements for Master and Doctoral degrees in the area of Earth Sciences.
Alabama [English ælə bæmə], abbreviation Ala. Post officially AL, state located in the southeastern United States, 131,414 km 2, (2015) 4.86 million residents (1960: 3.27 million, 1980: 3,890,000., 2000: 4.45 million residents). The capital is Montgomery, the largest city is Birmingham. Alabama is divided into 67 counties.
Law and Politics
According to the constitution of 1901, which has been amended several times, the government is headed by a governor (directly elected for 4 years). The legislature lies with the bicameral parliament (legislative period 4 years), consisting of the Senate (35 members) and the House of Representatives (105 members). Alabama is represented by 2 senators and 7 MPs in the federal congress.
Alabama shares in the north with the foothills of the southern Appalachian Mountains, in the south with the eastern Gulf Coast Plain with the fertile Black Belt; it extends on both sides of the confluence of the Alabama River and Mobile Bay with around 85 km of coastline to the Gulf of Mexico. The climate is warm and humid.
The proportion of whites is 69.7% (2014) and that of blacks 26.7%; other 3.6%.
Alabama is in the Sun Belt; it belongs to the old “cotton belt”. The largest part of the former cultivation area is now used for grazing (cattle and poultry farming). The previously important cultivation of maize, cotton and soybeans is declining sharply, while peanuts are still very important. As a result of mechanization, the number of farms has decreased and the farm size has increased. The pine forests of the Gulf Coast Plain are increasingly used for plywood, pulp and paper production. The iron ore and coal mining of the southern Appalachians was the basis for the development of iron and steel production in Birmingham, as well as for subsequent industries. Today the city is a growing location for the automotive industry. Mercedes opened a factory in 1993, followed later by Honda. In addition, chemical industry emerged,
Tourism: The Russell Cave Monument near Bridgeports is of major tourist interest. The caves were continuous from 6000 BC. Inhabited until 1650 AD.
Alabama has excellent inland waterways and the main port is Mobile.
In the 16th century Alabama was explored by Spaniards (1519 by Alonso Álvarez de Piñeda [* 1494?, † 1519?], 1528 by P. de Narváez and 1540 by H. de Soto); the area was v. a. inhabited by the Indian tribes of the Creek, Cherokee, Chikasaw and Choctaw. In 1702 the French founded the first permanent European settlement (Fort Louis, north of today’s Mobile). As part of Louisiana the territory of Alabama was ceded to Great Britain in 1763. In 1783 the south of the area fell to Spain, the rest to the United States, which annexed northern Alabama to the Mississippi Territory in 1798. In 1817 Alabama became its own territory and on December 14, 1819, it became the 22nd state to join the Union. In 1861 it left this and supported the Confederate States of America during the Civil War; In 1868 it was re-admitted to the Union. 1955/56 Alabama (Montgomery) was the starting point of the civil rights movement under M. L. King.
- TopSchoolsInTheUSA: It is not as difficult as you thought to earn a postgraduate degree of Physics in the state of Alabama. Check this site to find an opportunity for pursing a Master or Doctoral degree in Physics from top graduate programs in Alabama.
- agooddir: Important facts including area, population, and population density of Alabama. Also covers major cities and towns with main attractions in Alabama.
|Rankings||Earth Sciences Programs|
|1||University of Alabama
Department of Geological Sciences
Address: Box 870338, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487
Phone: (205) 348-7167
Email: [email protected]