The world’s first Atomic Bomb was detonated on July 16, 1945 on the White Sands Testing Range near Alamogordo, New Mexico. Its history has given New Mexico the highest percentage of Hispanic and Latino Americans, and the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a population proportion (after Alaska). New Mexico has more PhDs per capita than any other state. Countryaah.com: Offers a full list of nationwide and statewide holidays in New Mexico starting from January 1st – New Year’s Day. Also covers the most recent three years of public holidays within the state of New Mexico.