State Route 10, also known as Highway 10 is a state route in the U.S. state of Nebraska. The road forms a north-south route through the south and center of the state, from the Kansas border at Franklin to Loup City. The largest town on the route is Kearney. Highway 10 is 164 kilometers long.
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Highway 10 begins on the Kansas state border south of Franklin and is a continuation of State Route 8 into Kansas from Smith Center. The landscape consists first of barren rangelands in the border area with Kansas, later of flatter agricultural areas that are divided into a grid of 1 by 1 mile. Highway 10 mostly heads north and passes through the town of Minden, where it intersects US 6 and US 34. East of the town of Kearney, one crosses the Platte River, where there is also a connection to Interstate 80.
East of Kearney, a double-numbering begins with US 30, which takes Highway 10 into the town of Kearney. In Kearney, the road has mostly 2×2 lanes, both the double-numbered section with US 30 and the north-south section, which is numbered solely as Highway 10. North of Kearney, Highway 10 leads through the prairies, which gradually become more undulating and the agricultural area alternates with some rangeland. In Loup City, Highway 10 ends at Highway 92.
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Highway 10 was one of the original state highways of 1921. This was a north-south route in the extreme southeast of Nebraska, from the Kansas border south of Falls City to Nebraska City. This was deleted during the renumbering in 1925, and was temporarily numbered Highway 5 before becoming US 73 and US 75 from 1926.
In the 1925 renumbering, Highway 10 was assigned to its current route from the Kansas border at Franklin to Loup City. In 1960, only the southernmost few miles from the Kansas border to Franklin was completely paved, as well as a small portion near Kearney, but Highway 10 then had a different route through Kearney, south of Kearney, Highway 10 curved west and formed at the time only a north-south route through Kearney. With the construction of Interstate 80 in the 1960s, Highway 10 was extended to US 30 east of Kearney, creating the double numbering with US 30.
Kearney is pronounced car-ney or karni. With over 30,000 residents, it is one of the larger cities in Nebraska. In the early 2000s, part of Highway 10 north of Kearney was widened to a five-lane road with a center turn lane, up to Highway 40. Only in and near Kearney does Highway 10 have more than two lanes.
Between 2011 and 2016, a bypass as a 2×2 divided highway was constructed around Kearney. This 14-kilometer bypass is an extension of State Route 40 and runs east around Kearney to I-80. The southern section between I-80 and 11th Street was built first, followed by the rest of the bypass, which opened on November 22, 2016.
500 vehicles drive daily at Franklin, then increasing somewhat to 1,500 to 4,000 vehicles between Franklin and Kearney. In Kearney, the road has a maximum of 16,500 vehicles. This drops to 4,000 vehicles north of Kearney and 1,600 vehicles up to Hazard. The northernmost part between Hazard and Loup City has 700 to 1,000 vehicles per day.
State Route 11 in Nebraska
State Route 11, also known as Highway 11 is a state route in the U.S. state of Nebraska. The road forms a long north-south route through the center and north of the state, from Interstate 80 at Wood River to the South Dakota border north of Butte. Highway 11 is 297 kilometers long.
Highway 11 begins at a junction with Interstate 80 southwest of the city of Grand Island and then heads north through the agricultural valley of the Platte River. The road heads north through flat, agricultural land and is a somewhat secondary route, with US 281 slightly easterly handling most of the traffic. Highway 11 goes through or past several small villages, but no larger towns. North of Burwell it follows a long and lonely stretch through the east of the Sandhills, the road crosses here for the 90 kilometers to Atkinson with almost no other paved roads. Around Atkinson is a large agricultural area with circular irrigation, one crosses the US 20. Slightly more interesting from a scenic point of view is the passage through the valley of the Niobrara River. North of Butte, Highway 11 ends at the border with the state of South Dakota, from where State Route 43 in South Dakota continues to US 18.
Highway 11 was one of the original state highways of 1921 and was a major north-south route between Nebraska City and Omaha at the time. In the major renumbering of 1925, it was renumbered as Highway 5 and shortly thereafter to US 75.
With the renumbering of 1925, the number was assigned to the current route. Maps from the 1930s show that Highway 11 originally started in St. Paul and that the northern section between Atkinson and Butte was incomplete, the section through the Niobrara River valley was missing, and the section from Cairo to St. Paul was numbered as Highway 60. In the late 1930s, the missing sections were completed, allowing Highway 11 to run from US 30 to the South Dakota border. By the 1960s, the southern half had chipseal surfacing, but the road between Atkinson and Butte had long been a dirt road. US 281 has always been the dominant north-south route in this part of Nebraska. Only later is Highway 11 fully asphalted.
The section between I-80 and Burwell usually handles 1,000 to 1,500 vehicles per day, with a few peaks at larger villages, up to a maximum of 3,000 vehicles per day. The section through the Sandhills between Burwell and Atkinson handles only 400 to 700 vehicles per day, and the section through the Niobrara River valley to Butte largely handles only 300 vehicles per day. There are 500 vehicles per day at the South Dakota border.