The Forbidden City is one of the most important sights in China and is located in the center of the capital Beijing (reading tip: Beijing travel guide ). As the symbol of power of the Chinese emperors, it is an architectural masterpiece of Chinese culture and is mystically mentioned in many different films. Chinese emperors of the Ming and Quing dynasties lived and ruled in the Forbidden City until 1911. The common people had no access. The Imperial Palace was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. Today, however, things look different.
One of the most visited sections of the Great Wall of China is the restored section of the wall at Badaling 70 km north of Beijing. The first fortifications to protect against the nomadic horsemen came as early as the 5th century BC. The section of the wall near Badaling was restored with state funds and is today visited by millions of tourists. It is probably one of the most famous buildings in the country.
The Bund is a 2.6 km long waterfront in the city of Shanghai. It consists of a wide pedestrian promenade with 52 buildings of different architectural styles and is one of the main attractions of Shanghai. From the promenade, visitors have a wonderful view of the city skyline, which offers a fascinating motif for passionate photographers.
The Imperial Canal of China is the largest and longest artificial waterway in the world, connecting the north with the Yangtze River Delta area in the south. The canal is 1,800 km long and 40 m wide. For centuries, this channel was the main supply artery for Beijing.
The terracotta army in the Qin Shihuangd is mausoleum near the city of Xi’an is world-famous, and there are many stories about it. This find was a world sensation and is now one of the most visited sights in China, which is unforgettable for visitors. This army, represented in this way, consists of 7,278 different soldiers with horses, war chariots and weapons. The terracotta army was discovered by accident during well drilling in 1974. It is considered one of the largest and most fascinating finds in China.
Tianan’men Square in the center of the capital Beijing is the largest fortified square in the world and is also known as “Tiananmen Square”. This place is located directly on the Forbidden City and was not open to the public until 1911. On the square there is the monument to the heroes of the people and the mausoleum of Mao Zedong. There is a large panda breeding station in Chengdu City. This center was established in 1987 and is concerned with the protection of this important species. This nature reserve covers 600 hectares of land and was specially adapted to the needs of the panda bears. In addition to the rare animals and the beautiful landscape, visitors can also visit a museum. A visit there can offer a wonderful insight into the beauty of these animals.
Victoria Peak is Hong Kong’s most famous mountain and at the same time one of the most important excursion destinations in the city. From the Victoria Tower observation tower, visitors have a beautiful view of Hong Kong. This tower is 379 meters high and can be reached by the famous Peak Tram funicular. The ascent to the summit is also worthwhile, from which visitors have another impressive view of the city that should not be missed.
The Silk Road includes a network of caravan routes that connect Eastern China with Europe. The history of the Silk Road goes back to the Bronze Age. This trade route was not only important for the exchange of goods. The Silk Road enabled diplomatic contacts and led to the spread of religions and cultures. This place is often mentioned in books and films.
Holidays in China
In China there are public holidays and a few traditional holidays. According to findjobdescriptions, the most important public holiday is the founding day of the People’s Republic of China on October 1st. March 8 is Women’s Day. The women get half a day off on this day. May 1st is also celebrated as a Labor Day in China and thus resembles the holiday in Germany. The Communist Party’s founding day on July 1st is not an official holiday, but it is celebrated in the media with lots of documentaries and contributions to the history of the party that are very interesting. There is also Youth Day on May 4th, Children’s Day on June 1st and Teacher’s Day on September 10th.
On January 1st, New Year is celebrated and that very colorful and extensive. The traditional Chinese New Year festival takes place between late January and early February. It is also known as the spring festival. It is by far the most important holiday in China. After the Spring Festival, the Lantern Festival is celebrated.
The dragon boat festival, which is celebrated on the 5th day of the 5th month after the lunar calendar, also has a long tradition. The celebrations in China are often impressive and colorful and should be respected if you happen to be there.