Landmarks in Israel

Room of the Last Supper

According to agooddir, the Last Supper Room is located on Mount Zion in a building built directly over the tomb of King David during the Crusader era. This is the place of the secret supper of Jesus with the disciples, depicted in many paintings and frescoes. The dinner itself was, in fact, the first Passover Seder at which Jesus presented himself as the Passover sacrifice (Matthew 26:17-29, Mark 14:12-25). It is also stated that in this room seven weeks later on Pentecost (Shavuot) the Holy Spirit appeared before Mary and the apostles on the day called Trinity. From that moment on, the apostles began to speak many languages ​​for missionary work.


It was one of the most important cities built by Herod the Great as the Roman provincial capital and as the largest seaport of the time. The port of Caesarea in those days was inferior in size and volume of traffic only to the ports of Alexandria and Piraeus. However, Caesarea was not built in a completely empty place. Before the beginning of Herod’s construction, there was a small fishing village founded by the Phoenicians more than 3,500 years ago, which was then called Straton’s Tower. Transformed by Herod the Great into one of the wonders of the world, the completely Roman city served as the capital of the Roman procurators. Caesarea, named by Herod in honor of the emperor Octavian Augustus.


The city where Jesus spent his childhood and youth, where Joseph and Mary lived, where the archangel Gabriel announced the birth of the Messiah, and where Jesus began his preaching activity.
About 70 thousand people live in modern Nazareth: 20 thousand Jews – in the Upper Nazareth (Nazareth Elite), and 50 thousand Arabs in the Lower City – (Christians and Muslims). The most important Christian shrine of Nazareth is the Church of the Annunciation.

Church of the Holy Family

In the Kidron Valley near the Garden of Gethsemane is the Church of the Tomb of the Holy Family. The semi-basement of the grave was built in the 12th century. On both sides of the descent are two niches. The right one is an altar dedicated to the burial of the parents of Our Lady Mary, Joachim and Anna. The left one is the burial altar of the named father of Jesus, Joseph. Mary’s tomb is located at the very bottom, in a cave in the rock and covered with a marble slab. The vaults over the tomb of Mary were built in the 4th century AD. e. Belongs to the Greek Orthodox Church, in addition, it has a representation of the Russian, Coptic, Syrian and Armenian communities…

Garden of Gethsemane. Church of all nations.

On the western slope of the Mount of Olives is the Garden of Gethsemane. Only part of the garden from biblical times has survived to this day, but eight olive trees, planted as far back as the 1st century AD, are still in bloom. e. Jesus came here on the night before the crucifixion, here he experienced the bitterness of betrayal and was arrested. Inside the church, on the shelf, there are 12 domes and coats of arms of 12 countries that donated money for its construction. Mosaics on the walls reflect the “Prayer of Gethsemane”, “The Tradition of the Savior” and “The Taking of Christ into Custody”. On the floor in front of the altar is a crown of thorns encircling the rock on which Jesus prayed. Blue stained-glass windows create twilight inside the church, which symbolizes the last…


The city is located on the top of a hill (height 289 m), which offers a beautiful view of the surroundings, the city literally soars above the valley. The city was one of the few examples of a relatively peaceful coexistence of peoples, in particular the Romans and the Jews, who lived in many in Zippori. It was in Zippori, where Jews and Romans lived together, that the Jewish sages ruled that theatrical art was contrary to Jewish values ​​and forbade Jews from attending theatrical performances. Jewish motifs can only be seen in the decorations of the buildings. In the synagogue there is a mosaic depicting a menorah, in the villa – “Mona Lisa of Galilee”…

Kidron Valley

This valley is located between the Olive and the Temple Mount and is named after the fourth king of Judah. Several monumental burials of the Second Temple period are located here: the tomb of Absalom – the rebellious son of David, the tomb of the prophet Zechariah, the mausoleum of Bnei Khezir – the remains of the family of priests mentioned in the 1st book of Chronicles (24:15) are buried here. According to legend, here is the tomb of St. James, brother of Jesus….


The city of Tiberias is located on the ancient caravan route linking Babylon with Israel and Egypt, which became strategically important in Greek times and reached its peak under the Romans. To protect this route, as well as to protect agricultural and fisheries and lands, King Herod Antipas built his capital in 18 AD and named it after the Roman emperor Tiberius. At the same time, in honor of the mother of Tiberius Julia, the city of Yulias was built in the northeastern part of the Kinneret. The city then occupied 800 acres. It was founded near the two biblical cities of Hammat (Warm) and Rakkata, mentioned in the book of Joshua…


The Hebrew name for the place is Kfar Nahum, that is, the village of Naum, which is located in the northern part of Lake Kinneret. A rather large Jewish settlement stood on the old road from Syria to Egypt, there was a Roman customs house and a garrison on the border between the possessions of Herod Antipas and Philip. The settlement became the center of the preaching activity of Jesus. In the local synagogue, the unclean spirit was cast out and the fever of Simon’s mother-in-law was cured (Matthew 8:14,15). Here he preached his doctrine. The people of Capernaum did not accept Jesus and kicked him out of the synagogue. For this the city was cursed and likened to Sodom. Recently, the central part of Capernaum has been carefully excavated…


The Jordan River originates at the foot of Mount Hermon and carries its waters to the Dead Sea through Lake Kinneret. In the Jordan, John the Baptist baptized Jesus, and therefore Christians all over the world strive here to undergo the rite of Baptism. Where the Jordan flows out of the Sea of ​​Galilee is the place of baptism – “Jordanit”, which the State of Israel has specially allocated for pilgrims…

Landmarks in Israel

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