Qatar is an emirate in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula. In the south, the country borders on Saudi Arabia. The length from north to south is 180 kilometers. The width is 80 kilometers. Different islands also belong to the emirate.
There is an absolute monarchy there. The head of state is Sheikh Hamad ibn Chalifa Al Thani. The head of government is Sheikh Hamad ibn Jazim ibn Jabir Al Thani.
The capital is called Doha and is located halfway up the east coast. In Qatar, 81.2 people live in one square meter. The area is 11,437 square kilometers. 928,635 people live in this area.
Qatar used to be an island, and a slight uplift in the country created a connection to Saudi Arabia. There are many swamps from which gentle hills rise northwards. Near the city of al-Kirana, Qatar has the highest point in the country. It is 106 meters high. There is a lot of rubble and gravel desert. This emirate is even more inhospitable than the other Arab desert countries. It is sterile and desolate.
Only 20 percent of the population are locals. 34 percent of the foreigners are Indian and Pakistani, 16 percent come from Iran, 45 percent come from other Arab countries and 5 percent are of other descent. 92 percent of people live in cities. 11 percent of the population are illiterate. There is a free school system, but there is no compulsory schooling.
The most important cities are the capital Doha with 338,760 inhabitants, ar-Rayyan with 229,223 inhabitants, Umm Salal with 27,703 inhabitants and al-Wakra with 25,905 inhabitants.
Qatar is divided into ten administrative units: Doha, al-Ghuwairiyya, al-Jumailiyya, al-Chaur, al-Wakra, ar.Rayyan, Jariyan al-Batna, Madinat al-Shamal, Umm Salal and Musai’id.
Qatar provides troop storage and rest areas for the US Army. Other sources of income are natural gas, oil and fertilizers. Oil was first found at Jabal Dhukan in 1938. This allowed Qatar to offset losses from the pearl trade that had collapsed due to Japanese cultured pearls.
Jordan is a haschemic kingdom. King Abdullah the second is the head of state of the constitutional monarchy.
The area of the country is 89,342 square kilometers. 6,254,000 people live in this area, which results in a population density of 59.4 inhabitants per km². The capital of the kingdom is called Amman. Jordan borders Israel, the West Bank, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Iraq. In the far south, Jordan has a small access to the Red Sea on the Gulf of Aqaba.
The area of Jordan is characterized by desert landscapes. The Jabal Ram is the highest mountain in Jordan at 1,754 meters. The cities of Amman, Zarqa and Irbid lie on the plateaus of the Gilead Mountains. In Amman, the average summer temperatures are between 31 degrees to 38 degrees. In winter, the temperatures are between 13 degrees and 19 degrees. The Mediterranean climate in northwest Jordan brings cool, humid winters and hot, dry summers. The rainfall in this region is about 800 mm. 100 mm fall in the east and south of the country.
Various animal species are resident in Jordan. These include ibex, ducks, hyenas, hamsters, gazelles and wild cats. There are 24 different bat species in Jordan. Islam is the state religion in Jordan. 93 percent of Jordanians are Muslim. 5 percent are Christians and the remaining two percent are from other religions.
14 percent of women and 4 percent of men are illiterate. 6 to 15 year olds have to go to school. There are twelve private and eight state universities in Jordan.
Jordan is divided into 12 governorates. There are Aschun, Aqaba, Amman, al-Balqa, Jarasch, al-Fuhais, Irbid, al-Karak, Ma’an, Madaba, at Tafil and Zarqa.
The capital Amman is the only city with more than 1 million inhabitants. Other important cities are Zarqa with 890,000 inhabitants, Irbid with 750,962 inhabitants, ar-Rusaifa with 261,843 inhabitants Wadi as-Sir with 193,613 inhabitants and Aqaba with 101,769 inhabitants.
According to findjobdescriptions, Yemen has an area of 536,869 square kilometers, of which 3,800 km² fall on the large Socotra archipelago. Several islands in Bab al-Mandab, the Arabian Sea and the Red Sea also belong to Yemen. The country is about 1.5 times the size of Germany. 22,400,000 lives in Yemen. The population density is therefore 41.7 people per sq. Km. Yemen is an Islamic presidential republic. They speak Arabic and pay with the Yemeni rial. Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Mujur is the head of government, President Ali Abdullah Salih is the head of state.
The almost rectangular state can be divided into three large landscapes. The gently rising coastal strip is between 30 and 60 kilometers wide. The west coast impresses with sandy and pebble beaches. There used to be volcanism in Yemen. The former capital of southern Yemen is located in a double crater.
The highest mountain in the country is the Jabal an-Nabi Shu’aib. It is 3,760 meters high and is located southwest of the capital Sanaa in the rugged outskirts. The highlands that connect to the mountains have an average height of 2000 to 2500 meters. In this highland there are many wadis, i.e. river courses that only carry water after extensive rains. The best known is Wadi Hadramaut. The highlands descend northeast to the ar-Rub’al-Chali desert.
Only 73 percent of men and 35 percent of women can read and write. Although there is compulsory schooling in Yemen, only about 75 percent of children attend primary school. The proportion of girls is 65 percent, even lower. After primary school, it is very difficult to get further education. There are not enough schools and the teaching material is not available and if available, it is in very poor condition.
There are no railways in Yemen, so goods and passengers are transported by road alone. However, these are in very poor condition. Of the 71,300 kilometers of road, only around 6,200 kilometers are paved. Some rural areas are not connected to the road network at all.