Interstate 295 or I -295 is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey, plus a small portion in the state of Delaware. I-295 forms the southern and eastern bypass of the Philadelphia metropolitan area, but runs largely parallel to the New Jersey Turnpike, serving primarily inter-suburban traffic along the outskirts of Philadelphia. I-295 begins in Wilmington, Delaware and ends at Trenton, New Jersey. The highway is 130 kilometers long.
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I-295 at Gibbstown.
I-295 at National Park.
The highway begins in the state of Delaware, south of the city of Wilmington at the interchange with Interstate 95 and Interstate 495. Interstate 295 is actually intended here for through traffic from Washington and Baltimore to New York. The double Delaware Memorial Bridge, a suspension bridge, crosses the wide mouth of the Delaware River. This crossing is more than 2 kilometers long. Shortly thereafter, at Pennsville it follows the interchange with the New Jersey Turnpike. Through traffic towards New York is deemed to be thistoll road, as Interstate 295 is a parallel commuter road with many more connections. The highway then has 2×2 lanes, and runs over the bank of the Delaware River, some distance from the New Jersey Turnpike. There are only a few suburbs in this area, which do not form a continuous urban area.
At the suburb of Beckett one crosses US 322, the highway that goes via the Commodore Barry Bridge to Chester, a suburb of Philadelphia in Pennsylvania. Interstate 295 then has 2×3 lanes. Not far afterwards you reach the continuously built-up area. The highway continues here about 4 kilometers from the New Jersey Turnpike. At Bellmawr, a double junction, first with State Route 42, follows the North South Freeway to the Atlantic City Expressway towards the town of the same name. Immediately after, the interchange with Interstate 676, which gives access to Camden and Philadelphia.
Interstate 295 then turns closer to the New Jersey Turnpike, then runs right next to it. The highway then serves the Philadelphia suburban area in the state of New Jersey. The I-295 has many exits, the Turnpike hardly any. At the hamlet of Sharp, one crosses Interstate 276, the Pennsylvania Turnpike. Exchange opportunities are not for this, the New Jersey Turnpike does. After that, Interstate 295 still has 2×3 lanes, leaving the urban area for a short time.
At Trenton, the capital of New Jersey, one re-enters the urban area, crossing Interstate 195, which leads to Belmar on the Atlantic coast. State Route 29 runs west. The I-295 then forms a ring road around Trenton. On the north side of Trenton, it intersects with US 1, after which I-295 loops around the north and west sides of Trenton, eventually returning south to the Scudders Falls Bridge over the Delaware River, which crosses the border with the state of Pennsylvania. forms. From here, Interstate 295 in Pennsylvania continues back to Philadelphia.
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In the late 1940s, a replacement for US 130 was approved by the state of New Jersey. This was to become a highway connecting the cities of Camden and Trenton, as well as the Delaware Memorial Bridge over the Delaware River. These plans were initially dubbed the “Camden Freeway” and funding would be split 50/50 between the federal government and the state.
The first section opened in Gloucester County in 1948, then signposted as US 130. A second section opened in 1954. Although grade -separated, they did not yet meet the Interstate Highway design requirements. At the time, there were also plans for a bypass around Trenton, in the form of State Route 39. The plans for this were closer to the center of Trenton than the current I-95/I-295 route around the city. In 1956, a new highway was proposed across the east bank of the Delaware to accommodate population growth in New Jersey as suburbs of Philadelphia began to develop on the New Jersey side of the Delaware River. The pre-existing New Jersey Turnpike had far fewer turns, was a toll roadand intended for through traffic through New Jersey.
In 1958, this highway was numbered I-295 and was eligible for 90% federal funding. At its southern end, the highway was to connect with US 40, the New Jersey Turnpike and the entrance to the Delaware Memorial Bridge, over which I-295 now extends into the state of Delaware.
The newer sections had the design requirements of the Interstates and a design capacity of 40,000 vehicles on the 2×2 sections and 75,000 vehicles on the 2×3 sections. The section between Logan Township in Gloucester County and Trenton was classified as an urban highway, and from Logan to the Delaware Memorial Bridge as a rural highway.
The section between the bridge and exit 2 was completed in two phases between 1953 and 1957. This was the connection between the New Jersey Turnpike and the bridge. The section between exit 2 and exit 12 at Swedesboro was opened in 1968. The section from exit 14 to exit 21 was completed in 1954 and from exit 21 to exit 24 at West Deptford in 1948. This section was widened to 2×3 between 1987 and 1993 lanes. The stretch of road from exit 24 to exit 29 (US 30) was built in stages between 1958 and 1961 and widened to 2×3 lanes in 1971. Further north, from exit 21 to exit 40 in Mount Laurel was opened between 1963 and 1966 with 2×3 lanes. The section from exit 40 to exit 57 in Bordentown was open between 1972 and 1974. The section between exit 57 and exit 60 was completed in 1994, the last section of I-295.
In 1959, construction began on a toll bridge over the Delaware River at Ewing. The bridge was completed that same year. State Route 129 was built in 1961, over the route that is now I-295. This section was completed in 1964 and was completed as Interstate 95 as far as Scotch Road. In 1974, I-95 was extended a bit to SR-31 in Ewing. A junction was built here for an extension to Edison, the so-called Somerset Freeway, which would never be built. In the 1990s, it was decided to extend I-95 to the interchange with US 1 on the north side of Trenton, which then becomes I-295 back south along the east side of Trenton. This project was completed in 1995.
The portion along the north and west sides of Trenton was originally part of I-95. I-95 was planned to run from the north side of Trenton toward New York City. However, this section was never built, so it was decided to build an interchange in Pennsylvania between I-95 and I-276, guiding I-95 along the south and east sides of Trenton and the old I-95 along the west side. and north side of Trenton to number to I-295. This renumbering took place at the beginning of 2018. This made I-295 in New Jersey 13 kilometers longer.
Work began in 2018 to replace the aging Scudder Falls Bridge over the Delaware River on the Pennsylvania border. The new bridge is a toll bridge and is twice as wide as the old bridge, with 2×3 lanes for through traffic and one weaving lane in each direction. The first new span opened on 10 July 2019. The second span opened on August 18, 2021.
|21 West Deptford||24 Westville||5 km||00-00-1948|
|1B Deep water||1C New Jersey Turnpike||1 km||00-00-1953|
|14 Gibbstown||21 West Deptford||11 km||00-00-1954|
|1C New Jersey Turnpike||2 Deep water||1 km||00-00-1957|
|24 Westville||26||3 km||00-00-1958|
|76 Scudders Falls||Pennsylvania state line||1 km||22-06-1961|
|73 Scotch Road||76 Scudders Falls||3 km||00-00-1964|
|36||40 Moorestown-Lenola||6 km||00-00-1966|
|2 Deep water||14 Gibbstown||19 km||00-00-1968|
|40 Moorestown-Lenola||57 Bordentown||27 km||00-00-1974|
|72 Pennington Road||73 Scotch Road||2 km||00-00-1974|
|63 Mercerville||67||6 km||00-00-1975|
|68||72 Pennington Road||8 km||00-00-1975|
|60||63 Mercerville||5 km||00-00-1987|
|57 Bordentown||60||5 km||00-00-1994|
|1A||Delaware Memorial Bridge||96,000|
|1B||New Jersey Turnpike||31,000||39,000|
|67||Lawrence / US 1||69,000||77,000|
|I-95||New Jersey Turnpike||2×4|
|NJ TPK||Betsy Ross Bridge / US 130||2×2|
|US 130||US 1||2×3|