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Interstate 14 or I -14 is an Interstate Highway in the United States, located in the state of Texas. I-14 is to form an east-west route that follows US 190 in Texas from West Texas to the Louisiana state border. The planned length is unknown, US 190 is 954 kilometers long in Texas. The route is also known as the Central Texas Corridor. Currently, only a 40-kilometer stretch between Copperas Cove and Belton is numbered I-14.
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I-14 at Belton.
The route is defined in the FAST Act (Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act) of 2015 as follows;
The Central Texas Corridor commencing at the logical terminus of Interstate Route 10, generally following portions of United States Route 190 eastward, passing in the vicinity Fort Hood, Killeen, Belton, Temple, Bryan, College Station, Huntsville, Livingston, and Woodville, to the logical terminus of Texas Highway 63 at the Sabine River Bridge at Burrs Crossing.
It is striking that the route west of Fort Hood in Killeen is not described in detail. The portion west of Fort Hood is more than 400 kilometers long and passes through sparsely populated areas in Central Texas and West Texas. US 190 begins west of Iran on Interstate 10, and then parallels I-10 for more than 200 miles for some distance without opening up significant places. The largest town west of Fort Hood on the assigned route is the county town of Brady.
US 190 between Copperas Cove and I-35 in Belton is already running as a freeway with 2×2 to 2×3 lanes and frontage roads. This is the only portion of the assigned I-14 that actually has Interstate Highway design requirements.
There is currently no clear main route between Temple and College Station. US 190 follows a zigzag route over several state highways, most notably SH 36, US 79, and SH 6.
East of College Station, I-14 curves off US 190. US 190 heads north, the direct route of I-14 from College Station to Huntsville is served by SH 30. East of Jasper in East Texas, I-14 follows SH 63 as US 190 runs south. The route of I-14 ends at the Louisiana state border formed by the Sabine River.
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The route according to the FAST Act (US 190).
There has been speculation for some time about the allocation of I-14 in the United States. In 2005, the route was incorporated into the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETA-LU) Act as a route from Natchez, Mississippi to Augusta, Georgia. However, no money was specifically allocated to this project in the law, and the Interstate Highway has not been built as such anywhere in the 10 years since.
In 2015, the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act) was passed, the first federal legislation to provide funding for traffic infrastructure over a longer period of time in years. This also included the Central Texas Corridor, specifically numbered I-14. However, on May 24, 2016, the AASHTO determined that the number I-14 was unacceptable for such a short route with little future prospects. However, on December 19, 2016, the FHWA approved the number. On January 26, 2017, the Texas Transportation Commission officially assigned the number I-14 to the 40-kilometer stretch between Copperas Cove and Belton. On April 22, 2017, the first signposts with the number I-14 were placed.
It is unclear what the status is of the route awarded in 2005, which is an extension of the Central Texas Corridor. It may be envisioned as a very long east-west route from I-10 in West Texas to Augusta, Georgia or even South Carolina.
The eastern portion of I-14 between FM 2410 and I-35 in Belton was widened to 2×3 lanes in 2011-2022.
It remains to be seen to what extent Interstate 14 will actually be built. In particular, the part in West Texas has almost no priority because of the low traffic. Only a very small portion of the allocated I-14 has actually been constructed as a freeway, between Copperas Cove and Temple. It seems very unlikely that even larger sections of I-14 will be built in the longer term.
The traffic intensities below are east of the aforementioned connection.
|Copperas Cove (SH 9)||50,000|
|Killeen (SH 201)||66,500|
|Killeen (SH 195)||92,600|
|Killeen (FM 2410)||57.100|
|Belton (FM 1670)||63,000|
|Belton (Loop 121)||54,500|