Vietnam is located on the territory of Southeast Asia, occupies the eastern coast of the Indochinese Peninsula. In the north of the country lies the border with China, in the west – with Cambodia and Laos, the south and east of Vietnam and are washed by the waters of the South China Sea. See Vietnam abbreviations.
The territory of Vietnam also includes the islands of Phu Coo, Con Dao and others. The total area of the country is 332 thousand km².
Vietnam is dominated by mountainous terrain. On the main territory of the country there are mountains, the height of which at the very peak of Mount Fansipan reaches 3143 m above sea level.
Lowlands and plains are mostly located in the delta of the Hong (north of the country) and Mekong (south of the country) rivers. In the south of the country lies the chain of the Annam Mountains, parallel to them from north to south stretches the coastal plain. The total length of the coast of Vietnam is 3260 km.
From above, Vietnam looks like a yoke with two baskets filled with rice. The deltas of the country’s largest rivers (Hong and Mekong) act as baskets – they are also its main rice granaries. The role of the rocker is played by the Truong Son mountain range, which stretches across the country.
The capital of Vietnam is the city of Hanoi.
According to 800zipcodes, Vietnam is dominated by a tropical monsoon climate, which is formed under the influence of the humid summer (south and southwest) and dry winter (northeast) monsoons. Spring and autumn are characterized by unstable weather. These days, typhoons are not uncommon on the coast.
The average air temperature in the country fluctuates between +26…+29°C.
About a third of the country is located at an altitude of more than 500 m above sea level. This area falls under the influence of a subtropical climate. In areas where the height of the relief reaches 2000 meters and above, a temperate climate prevails.
Between April and October, due to the southeast monsoons, the country has humid and warm weather. The exceptions are areas surrounded by mountains.
Beach resorts in Vietnam a:
Vung Tau, Da Nang, Nha Trang, Phan Thiet, Phu Koo Island
Resort cities of Vietnam a:
Dalat, Hanoi, Hoi An, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Mui Ne
Medical resort Vietnam a – Nha Trang
Vietnamese cuisine was formed under the influence of the geographical position of the country and its historical past.
Thus, the inhabitants of the South Vietnam and more often eat dried herbs, spices and hot red pepper. In the north of the country, preference is given to roasts and soups. Central part of Vietnam is famous for its traditional dishes made from a large number of ingredients.
Dishes cooked in Vietnam e, are distinguished by their unusual and delicate taste.
The traditional dish of the Vietnamese is noodles. It is served as a soup or side dish.
Popular food ingredients Vietnam e are fresh vegetables, black and red peppers, spices (basil, lemongrass, mint and coriander), ginger, garlic and shrimp. In the process of cooking, the emphasis is on the use of fresh ingredients, the minimum amount of fat. Most dishes are prepared on the basis of rice and seafood – this makes them not only tasty, but also healthy.
The years that Vietnam spent as a colony of France brought changes to the country’s cuisine. Fresh baguettes, pâtés and cheeses are sold here on almost every corner. Thanks to the French, coffee became popular in the country. But with the difference, coffee here has a fragrant and rich taste of mocha, it is served in a small glass with the addition of condensed milk.
Favorite dishes of the Vietnamese: rice cakes ( Banh Cuon) – a mandatory dish of the New Year’s table, and beef noodle soup – beef can be replaced with any other meat.
Vietnam is famous for its savory sauces. The most popular of them:
Nuoc mam fish sauce. Only fresh fish and sea salt are used for its preparation. This sauce is an invariable ingredient in many Vietnamese dishes;
Peanut sauce “nuoc leo” (nuoc leo);
Shrimp paste mam tom.
Other traditional dishesVietnam a:
Nem ran (“Nyam zan”) – rice flour pancakes stuffed with minced meat, shrimp, mung bean sprouts and spices;
Banh Xeo – thin pancakes, the main ingredients of which are rice flour and coconut oil;
Bun Rieu – soup with tomato and rice noodles, seasoned with shrimp or crab paste.
In Vietnam also eats young bamboo shoots, which, although they have an unpleasant odor, are tasty and healthy for the body. According to the Vietnamese themselves, their cuisine is distinguished by “a repulsive smell with an excellent taste of ready-made dishes.”