Thailand is a country in the southeastern part of Asia. In the north and west of the country there is a border with Burma (Myanmar), in the northeast and east – with Laos, in the south – with Malaysia, in the southeast – with Cambodia. See Thailand abbreviations.
Thailand is washed by the waves of the Gulf of Thailand in the northwestern part of the country and the Andaman Sea in the southwestern.
Capital of Thailand: Bangkok
The area of Thailand is more than 513 thousand square meters. km. For the most part, Thailand is located on the Indochina Peninsula, and only the southern part of the country is on the Malay Peninsula.
Thailand is mountainous. In the western part of the country is the highest point in Thailand – Mount Doi Inthanon, the top of which rises to 2595 meters above sea level. The territory of the Malay Peninsula is crossed by an extensive mountain range. Doi Pia Fai (1270 m) and Khao Luang (1786 m) are also located here.
To the north and east of these mountains, the relief is transformed into the low plateau of Khorat. It occupies about a third of the entire territory of Thailand. Two channels of the Mekong and Chao Phraya rivers pass through the country. And if the Mekong flows not far from the plateau, then Chao Phraya separates the central and western mountain ranges of the country.
The Kingdom of Thailand is famous for its numerous freshwater reservoirs, some of which are artificially created. Many of the country’s natural rivers originate from mountain ranges and flow through the country from north to south.
There are many lakes and reservoirs created artificially.
According to 800zipcodes, the territory of Thailand is under the influence of the tropical climate zone. Seasons in Thailand are conventionally divided into three seasons:
- Hot season (March to May). These days the weather is hot and windless. The air temperature in some regions of the country reaches +30 °C.
- Rainy season (June – September). During this period, torrential rains fall on Thailand, which, as a rule, end within 15 minutes after the start. The rest of the time the weather is clear.
- Cool season (October – February). The air temperature at this time is kept at + 26… + 28 ° С.
The height of the tourist season in Thailand falls on October – April.
Beach resorts in Thailand:
Pattaya, Phuket, Koh Samui, Krabi, Hua Hin, Cha Am, Khao Lak, Phi Phi Island.
Medical resorts in Thailand:
Hua Hin, Rayong (thermal springs).
Bangkok, Kanchanaburi, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai.
Thai cuisine is one of the most unique in the world. It combines the logic and quality of Chinese cuisine and the spiciness inherent in Mexican dishes.
The warm tropical climate of the country allows you to collect several crops a year, and the professed religion (Buddhism) does not impose significant restrictions on the diet of Thais.
All dishes prepared here are a unique combination of sour, bitter, sweet and spicy.
There are no clearly defined recipes for cooking in Thailand. The ingredient composition of each varies depending on the time of year and the availability of certain products. The cook, at his discretion, composes the composition of the dishes.
But there are products that are certainly present on the table of every inhabitant of Thailand. These are rice, coconut, chili, garlic, coriander, birya root and lemongrass. Creating dishes in Thailand is a creative process. The cook observes only the general order of preparation of the dish, while some of its components can be replaced by others.
Rice (khao) is the basis of all Thai cuisine. It is served as a main dish, but can also be a side dish, part of a salad or dessert. Most Thai dishes cooked without rice lose their savory taste.
The main highlight of Thai cuisine are seasonings and sauces. Local chefs know how to use them in such a way that any dish with them acquires an unexpected, but at the same time piquant and refined taste. But at the same time, the combination of the most extreme tastes in Thai cuisine is balanced.
The second most popular dish is noodles and pasta. The most interesting dishes of Thai cuisine are: “mi krop” – fried pasta with sweet and sour sauce, “naam” – noodles boiled in broth, “khamon yin” – rice noodles with salad and others.
Thais rarely eat meat, due to its high cost. It is usually made to order.
Thailand has a great variety of soups, each with its own unique taste. A lot of fish and seafood is consumed. National fish dishes include: “laap” – a spicy fish salad, “somtam” – a salad of crabs and papaya, boiled mackerel “platu”, etc.
Traditionally, during a Thai meal, the main course, hot and cold appetizers, desserts, soups and fruits are placed on the table at the same time.
Thais drink all dishes with cold water, or use iced tea for this. You can rarely see alcoholic drinks on the Thai table. They are forbidden to use simultaneously with hot spices.
A popular drink in Thailand is beer.