Climate and Geography of Montenegro


Montenegro is a resort located in the southwestern part of the Balkan Peninsula in southern Europe. The coastline of the country stretches for 300 km along the Adriatic and Black Seas. Geographically, it also includes 14 islands, their total length is 15.6 km. In the west of Montenegro lies the border with Croatia, in the northwest – with Herzegovina and Bosnia, in the southeast – with the Republic of Albania and in the northeast – with Serbia. See Montenegro abbreviations.

Montenegro got its name because of the “black” forests that surrounded Mount Lovcen during the Middle Ages, as well as part of the Alpine regions of “old Montenegro “.

The relief of the country is diverse, but most of the country’s territory is occupied by forests and forest lands. There are two national parks in the highland area: Biogradska Gora and the Durmitor mountain range. Near the border with Albania are the country’s highest peaks, which are part of the Prokletije massif. The Dinaric mountain range envelops most of the seaside. There are practically no fertile lands in this area, it is characterized by desert and scarcity of flora and fauna. It is here that the maximum amount of precipitation falls in Montenegro.

The flat part is represented by the basin of Lake Skadar, the Belopavlitskaya Plain, the valley of the Bojana River and the Zeta River, as well as the Niksic Field.

Major rivers of Montenegro: Lim, Tara, Moraca, Cheotina, Bojana and Zeta. Most of the local mountain rivers have a high energy potential (115 kW per 1 sq. km). But in order to preserve the ecological situation in the country, hydropower is not used.

In addition to the largest lakes ( Shasskoe (3.64 sq. Km) and Skadar (369.7 sq. Km), there are 29 more mountain lakes of glacial origin in Montenegro. In addition, there are 4 protected areas in the country: Lovcen, Durmitor, Skladarskoe lake and Biogradska Gora.


According to 800zipcodes, the climate in Montenegro directly depends on the relief features of the area. Mountain peaks protect the area from the continental climate. In the seaside part (the cities of Igalo and Ulcinj), most days of the year are sunny. Water in the summer here warms up to +25…27 °C. The sea is calm, the wave height rarely exceeds 0.5 meters. The largest beach is located in Ulcinj, its length is 13 km. In winter, the air temperature is +12 °C. Snow falls on the coast in rare cases.

The central part of the country is under the influence of a subtropical climate, the Mediterranean climate prevails on the Adriatic coast, alpine in the mountains, and temperate continental in the rest of the territory. In the coastal part, summers are usually hot and dry, winters are wet and short.

Thanks to these features, in Montenegro you can combine mutually exclusive types of recreation. For example, in the seaside, the swimming season begins in May, but if you drive 3-4 hours from the coast towards the mountain slopes, you can go skiing. The ski season here lasts from December to March.

The best time for a beach holiday in Montenegro is the period from early May to mid-October.

Capital of the country: Podgorica.

Ski resorts: Durmitor, Kolasin and Zabljak.

Beach resorts: Ulcinj and Igalo, Sveti Stefan island, Kotor, Tivat.

Health resorts: Herceg Novi, Igalo, Ulcinj

Cuisine of Montenegro

The cuisine of Montenegro is an unpredictable combination of culinary national dishes of Italy, Greece, Turkey, etc. On the territory of the country, you can try both local national dishes and well-known hamburgers.

The main ingredient for cooking in Montenegro is fish. It is salted, marinated, dried in the sun. No less popular are seafood salads. As a rule, a fish dish is served with boiled potatoes, palenta (made from cornmeal) or blitu (spinach).

Meat dishes from pork, beef and lamb are no less common. The most tender and juicy meat is stewed in kaymak (sheep’s milk, which has settled for three hours in a warm oven with subsequent cooling).

Arriving in Montenegro, you should try the local ham. Pork for her is dried high in the mountains, in an ecologically clean area. They also produce homemade cheese.

When ordering food, remember that local portions are huge. If you asked for a lamb, then on a large plate (resembles a tray) you will be brought several large pieces of fried meat.

Montenegro is famous for its unusual ways of preparing traditional dishes. For example, a chicken is preliminarily salted and placed inside a goat or lamb, then they are all roasted together on a spit over a fire. After the meat is ready, the chicken is served on the table and sprinkled with honey. No less refined taste is obtained from a dish cooked in a tripe. To do this, they take a clean pork tripe, put meat in it, fill everything with water, bandage the tripe, hang it over the fire and cook until tender. Sometimes the scar is laid on hot coals and sprinkled with ash on top.

Salads here are prepared from coarsely chopped vegetables, they are seasoned with olive oil or poured with vinegar.

From bakery products in Montenegro, corn bread is popular. If you are a sweet lover, be sure to try:

  • Palachinke – a large pancake stuffed with jam, chocolate, cream or marmalade;
  • Krstici are local donuts. They are served with bitter coffee or hot chocolate;
  • Slatkishi – pie with cottage cheese filling;
  • Burek – puff pastry with meat or cheese;
  • Strukli are plums and nuts baked in cheese.

Dessert in Montenegro is accepted by black coffee, tea with herbs, various mousses and juices.

Of the alcoholic drinks, Vranac, Chardonnay, Sauvignon, Lozovac moonshine, Niksicko beer and Krunak grape vodka are popular.

Cuisine of Montenegro

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