Climate and Geography of Israel

Geography and climate

Israel is a state located in the southwestern part of Asia. It borders with countries such as Syria, Jordan, Egypt. The area of the country is 21,596 km². See Israel abbreviations.

In the western part of the country, Israel goes to the Mediterranean Sea, and in the southern part, in the Eilat region, to the Red Sea.

Israel can be divided into three meridional regions: the plain adjacent to the sea coast, the Jordanian depression and the mountains. Along the flat coastline of the Mediterranean Sea lies the Maritime Plain, and the rolling ridges and low mountains are to the east of it and stretch from the Galilee to the Negev plateau.

The most significant peak in Israel is Mount Ash-Sheikh (2814 meters). Israel has the lowest land point on the planet – 408 meters below sea level (in the southern part of the Dead Sea).

The largest river in Israel – the Jordan (105 kilometers long) flows from the northern part of the country to the south, through Lake Tiberias and flows into the Dead Sea.

Israel ‘s largest lakes: Tiberias, located in the mountains of Galilee (its width is 12 kilometers and its length is 21 kilometers), as well as the Dead Sea (the width of this lake is 17 kilometers and its length is 75 kilometers). The density and salinity of the water in the Dead Sea reaches 32%, this is a unique, the most salty lake in the world.

In the area between Lake Tiberias and the Dead Sea, there are Israeli steppes scorched by the sun. On their territories you can find green islands – oases, with date palms, unabi, doom palms growing in them.

Israel is located in the ancient historical region called Palestine, which was located in ancient times at the crossroads between Mesopotamia and Asia Minor, as well as Egypt and Syria.

According to 800zipcodes, Israel ‘s climate is Mediterranean subtropical, characterized by long hot summers with very little rainfall and mild winters. In summer, the air sometimes warms up to +49 °С, and in the winter months the air temperature can drop below 0 °С. The rainy season in Israel begins in October, but most of the precipitation falls between early December and late March. The greatest amount of precipitation falls on the share of the Upper Galilee region (up to 1080 millimeters), and the least falls in Eilat and the Negev desert.

Largest cities in Israel: Jerusalem, Haifa, Tel Aviv.

Famous beach and health resorts in Israel: Dead Sea, Eilat, Netanya.

Geography of Israel

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