The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is the country that ranks first in the world in terms of the number of inhabitants (1.3 billion people). See China abbreviations.
China is located in the eastern part of Eurasia, occupying part of the western coast of the Pacific Ocean. Its area is 9.6 million km². China is second only to Canada and Russia in size.
The shores of the country are washed by the waves of the Bohai Gulf, the Yellow, South China and East China Seas. The territory of China also includes about 5 thousand islands, the largest of them are Taiwan and Hainan.
In the northeastern part, China borders on Korea, in the north – on Mongolia and Russia, in the west – on Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. The southwestern border intersects with Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bhutan, India and Nepal. On the eastern and southwestern sides, there are maritime borders with Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Indonesia and Brunei.
The administrative division of China includes 23 provinces, 4 cities with central subordination (Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Chongqing), 5 autonomous and 2 administrative regions – Macao (Aomen) and Hong Kong (Xianggang). The capital of China is Beijing.
The relief of China is heterogeneous. On its territory there are plateaus, mountains, depressions, plains and large deserts. In the north of the country there are mountains and high plains. The southwestern part is occupied by the Tibetan Plateau, the east by low plains and mountains. The average altitude of the Tibetan Plateau is 4877 meters. On its territory are the Tibet Autonomous Region, as well as part of the province of Qinghai and Ladakh.
Major rivers of the country originate in the mountains. On the northern slopes of the Himalayas, the Brahmaputra River originates, which supplies water to the deep valleys of the country. It is here that the main part of the population of the country is concentrated.
According to 800zipcodes, China is influenced by the temperate as well as subtropical zones, the south of the country is in the tropics.
Summer is hot, the air during this period warms up to +32 °C.
In winter, in the northern and northeastern parts of the country, the air temperature is up to -25 ° C, in the central part – up to -5 ° C.
The south of China (Guangdong Province) has a warm climate, the average annual air temperature here is +30 ° C, water +22 ° C.
Major cities: Shanghai, Chengdu, Chongqing, Harbin, Tianjin, Qingdao, Shijiazhuang, Wuhan, Guangzhou.
Excursion and health resorts: Urumqi, Hainan Island
Beach resorts – Dalian, Qingdao and Hainan Island.
Ski resorts – Nianshan, Wanglun, Yabuli.
Chinese cuisine has a long history and rich traditions. In the II century BC. the sage Yi Yin became the founder of the theory of “nutrition harmonization”, which the Chinese adhere to to this day.
The variety of climatic and geographical conditions in China has led to the formation of several types of cuisines: Beijing, Huan (spicy and exotic dishes), Harbin (black bread, salmon caviar, salmon from red fish are popular here), etc.
Almost everything that nature has to offer is used to prepare dishes in Chinese cuisine. Here you can enjoy dishes from shark fins, dried jellyfish, sea turtles, snakes, frogs, lotus seeds, etc. Chinese cuisine has several thousand national dishes.
Cooking is divided into three types: festive, everyday and ceremonial. The Chinese have adopted three meals a day. Breakfast here is early and light. At lunchtime, dishes made from rice, flour, with herbs and vegetables, as well as various spices are popular. Festive dishes are prepared in local restaurants. But the best culinary masterpieces are served at official receptions or in restaurants of the highest category.
All Chinese dishes are cooked in cauldrons and braziers over open fires. The ingredients for them are cut into small pieces so that they are fried or cooked faster. Rice is a popular but not the only Chinese food. In the northern part of the country, wheat is traditionally grown, from which bread is baked, dumplings and noodles are prepared. The south of the country is occupied by many kilometers of rice crops.
Peking duck is a specialty of Beijing. It is filled through a cut in the neck with a special marinade, after which it is fried over an open fire. After serving the duck on the table, the chef waits for a request to cut it into small slices. Before you try the dish, you should drink a little tincture-aperitif.
Sichuan cuisine is famous for its spicy dishes. Here, pods of hot Chilean or Sichuan peppers are added to any dish. If your stomach is not accustomed to spicy dishes, then it is better to order boiled rice with juice – it will have a calming effect.
The drinks. Tea is a popular drink. In China, they drink it before meals, during meals and after it. Tea soothes the stomach and improves digestion. As an alternative, you can order regular or mineral ( laoshan ) water.
Beer in China is not the national drink, so it seems thin and watery. Maotai (sorghum vodka) is popular as a strong drink in China. It is used to stimulate appetite before meals.