|Spans||Kill of Kull|
|Total length||1,762 meters|
|Main span||510 meters|
|Bridge deck height||65 meters|
|Traffic intensity||23,900 mvt/day|
According to itypejob, the Bayonne Bridge is an arch bridge in the United States. The bridge spans the Kill of Kull, which forms the boundary between the states of New Jersey and New York, more precisely between the city of Bayonne and New York City ‘s Staten Island. The bridge is almost 1.8 kilometers long and is the third longest arch bridge span in the world at 510 meters. The bridge handles traffic from State Route 440 and is a toll road.
The Bayonne Bridge spans the Kill van Kull, a body of water that separates Staten Island from mainland New Jersey, specifically the town of Bayonne. The bridge is 1,782 meters long with a main span of 510.5 meters and is one of the largest arch bridges in the world. The bridge deck is a maximum of 65 meters above the water. The bridge deck is 26 feet wide, with 2×2 lanes of State Route 440 in New York. The bridge is a toll road, the toll plaza is located on the Staten Island side.
Construction of the bridge began in 1928 and cost $13 million. The bridge opened on November 15, 1931 and was the longest arch bridge in the world at the time. The bridge replaced the ferry service between Bergen Point in Bayonne and Mariners Harbor on Staten Island. The bridge had 2×2 lanes and had room for two extra lanes or two tracks. The bridge is relatively low, and tall ships have to fold their antennas or wait for low tide to reach the harbors around Newark Bay.
Bridge deck elevation
The deck of the Bayonne Bridge has been increased from 46 to 65 meters between 2013 and 2019 to provide passage for post-Panamax ships. The cost was originally estimated at $743 million, later $1.3 billion and eventually $1.7 billion.
The building process was quite unique in the world and has rarely been done before. The bridge deck is built higher in the arch here. A mobile crane has been installed on top of the arch, with which bridge sections are built at a higher location on the existing guy cables. In the meantime that a guy cable is being replaced, there was a temporary girder to support the bridge deck. This process continued until the entire bridge deck was installed, after which the existing bridge deck was demolished. The bridge remained in use for traffic during the work, but temporarily with 1×2 lanes. On February 20, 2017, the new two-lane driving deck opened to traffic, which is 20 meters higher than the old bridge deck.
The opening was originally expected in 2017, but was delayed to 2019. The project was finally officially delivered on 14 June 2019.
State Route 440 passes over the bridge, which is a highway that forms a north-south route across Staten Island. The bridge is not important for through traffic as it ends in Bayonne on the secondary road network. From there you can continue to Interstate 78, but the bridge is of little importance to commuter traffic and is considered one of the quietest river crossings in the New York area with 24,000 vehicles per day. On Staten Island, the SR-440 is called the Martin Luther King Expressway.
The Bayonne Bridge is a toll road, managed by the Port Authority. The toll is only charged towards New York and the toll rates are the same as for the Lincoln Tunnel, Holland Tunnel, Goethals Bridge and George Washington Bridge. Since February 20, 2017, the Bayonne Bridge only uses electronic toll collection (ETC).
The toll rate depends on the time of day and whether you have an E-ZPass. In 2018, the cash toll was $15 all day, $12.50 during rush hour with E-ZPass and $10.50 outside rush hour with E-ZPass. Traffic actually pays for the return trip at once.
Benjamin Franklin Bridge
|Benjamin Franklin Bridge|
|Total length||2,918 meters|
|Main span||533 meters|
|Bridge deck height||41 meters|
|Traffic intensity||100,000 mvt/day|
According to itypeusa, the Benjamin Franklin Bridge is a suspension bridge in the United States, located in the city of Philadelphia on the border of Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
The Benjamin Franklin Bridge spans the Delaware River from downtown Philadelphia. The bridge has a total length of 2,918 meters and a main span of 533 meters. The free passage under the bridge deck is 41 meters. Interstate 676 in Pennsylvania and US 30 in Pennsylvania run across the bridge between Philadelphia and Camden. The bridge has 7 lanes of traffic with a movable barrier so that the middle lane can be used in both directions, in the morning towards Philadelphia and in the afternoon out of the city. The bridge is a toll road. The bridge connects substandard to I-676 in Philadelphia.
The bridge was built in the mid-1920s and opened to traffic on July 1, 1926. When it opened, it was the longest suspension bridge in the world for several years. The bridge was designed by the famous Polish-American engineer Ralph Modjeski. The bridge originally had 2×3 lanes and two tram tracks with room for a light rail on the outside. This was put into service in 1936. The tram tracks were never in use and were converted into lanes in the 1930s.
In 2010, 100,000 vehicles crossed the bridge every day.
The bridge is a toll road. The toll is $5 and is charged west only.