The discipline that studies and analyzes political
phenomena is called as political science.
Political science is part of the social sciences,
so it covers various areas that study political systems,
power relations, the behavior of political leaders, public
opinion, international relations, and armed conflicts, etc.
Also, from the study of political science, political
theory can be developed in order to establish a system of
It should be noted that political science is a discipline
that is increasingly studied and exercised due to its wide
field of study and application in the national and
international political system.
Political science works in conjunction with other
disciplines such as philosophy, law, economics,
history, anthropology, statistics, among others.
These disciplines make it possible to know, explain,
study and analyze the reality in which a State operates and
allows policies to be proposed that positively influence a
However, it was only after the 19th century that
political science became an autonomous science, after
various civil wars and industrial development.
Therefore, from then on, political science was considered
a notorious fact and began to be taught in the faculties of
the universities in which the students obtained a degree in
Columbia University, in the United States, was the first
study house to possess this faculty, inaugurated in the year
1880. From then on, the study of political science began to
be taught in other universities.
Origin of political science
As such, politics emerged in Ancient Greece when
philosophers and other thinkers established in one way or
another what it was about and what its purpose was. Hence,
political science derives from this by establishing various
forms of political organization.
However, there are specialists who indicate that
political science emerged in the 15th century after the
publication of the book "The Prince", by the philosopher and
politician Nicolás Maquiavelo, in which he exposes the forms
of organization that must allow man to live in society .
Likewise, Machiavelli makes a difference between the
prince and the tyrant and, in turn, advises to use force and
violence whenever necessary and to the extent deemed fair,
an idea that has been the subject of confusion and bad
practice on the part of of various rulers.
Study object of political science
As a general principle, political science has as its
object of study the power relations that arise at the
different levels that form the government between
individuals, institutions and leaders.
In this same sense, other objectives of political science
are to determine the exercise, distribution and organization
of power of the different instances that make up the State
and society, both national and international. In this way,
public policies can be generated, contribute to the social
order and develop new knowledge.
Since political science is part of social science, it is
important to offer an explanation of it for a better
The social sciences are a set of disciplines that
systematically study social and cultural processes, the
product of human activity and its relationship with
society. As such, it is responsible for explaining and
understanding the social phenomena and the manifestations of
the human being.