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What is Political Science?

The discipline that studies and analyzes political phenomena is called as political science.

Political science is part of the social sciences, so it covers various areas that study political systems, power relations, the behavior of political leaders, public opinion, international relations, and armed conflicts, etc.

Also, from the study of political science, political theory can be developed in order to establish a system of social organization.

It should be noted that political science is a discipline that is increasingly studied and exercised due to its wide field of study and application in the national and international political system.

Political science works in conjunction with other disciplines such as philosophy, law, economics, history, anthropology, statistics, among others.

These disciplines make it possible to know, explain, study and analyze the reality in which a State operates and allows policies to be proposed that positively influence a society.

However, it was only after the 19th century that political science became an autonomous science, after various civil wars and industrial development.

Therefore, from then on, political science was considered a notorious fact and began to be taught in the faculties of the universities in which the students obtained a degree in political science.

Columbia University, in the United States, was the first study house to possess this faculty, inaugurated in the year 1880. From then on, the study of political science began to be taught in other universities.

Origin of political science

As such, politics emerged in Ancient Greece when philosophers and other thinkers established in one way or another what it was about and what its purpose was. Hence, political science derives from this by establishing various forms of political organization.

However, there are specialists who indicate that political science emerged in the 15th century after the publication of the book "The Prince", by the philosopher and politician Nicolás Maquiavelo, in which he exposes the forms of organization that must allow man to live in society .

Likewise, Machiavelli makes a difference between the prince and the tyrant and, in turn, advises to use force and violence whenever necessary and to the extent deemed fair, an idea that has been the subject of confusion and bad practice on the part of of various rulers.

Study object of political science

As a general principle, political science has as its object of study the power relations that arise at the different levels that form the government between individuals, institutions and leaders.

In this same sense, other objectives of political science are to determine the exercise, distribution and organization of power of the different instances that make up the State and society, both national and international. In this way, public policies can be generated, contribute to the social order and develop new knowledge.

Social Sciences

Since political science is part of social science, it is important to offer an explanation of it for a better understanding.

The social sciences are a set of disciplines that systematically study social and cultural processes, the product of human activity and its relationship with society. As such, it is responsible for explaining and understanding the social phenomena and the manifestations of the human being.

What is Political Science?
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