TopSchoolsInTheUSA: It is not as difficult as you thought to earn a
bachelor degree in the state of Alaska. Check this site to find
an opportunity for pursing an undergraduate degree from top colleges in Alaska.
Individual psychology is the study of the
individual's experiences and behaviors. The term is also
used for a direction in psychology, founded by Alfred Adler.
In short, Adler believed that neuroses occur in people
who feel socially inferior, either because of bodily or
other deficiencies, or by unfortunate upbringing or sibling
position. The inferiority complex and overcompensation are
loan words from Adler that have entered the everyday
The emphasis he placed on environmental impact and the
value of self-activity to get out of neurosis makes Adler a
precursor to views that have been advanced in today's
In older psychology, folk psychology was a designation
for the study of various
peoples psychological characteristics. The German nationalism in
the 1800s gave the term "people" of great significance, and
about 1860 was the so-called folk psychology, founded
by ethnologist Moritz Lazarus and philologist Heymann
Steinthal and the philosopher and psychologist Wilhelm Wundt as
its foremost representative. People's psychology meant to
find the peoples soul, Volksgeist, through studies
of language, customs and customs, literature and mythology,
religion, art and law.
In recent psychology one can find the term used in a
completely different meaning, about lay
people's psychological "theories" and intuitive conceptions
of psychological concepts, as expressed in everyday
language, among other things.
Existence psychology is a psychological direction that is
based on the philosophy of existence. It has partly emerged
as a reaction to positivist, scientifically oriented
psychological directions. The psychology of existence is
based on the individual's existential situation, that is,
the individual's experience relationship to his or her
surroundings, his fellow humans, his past and future, and
himself. At the same time, greater emphasis is placed on
concepts such as authenticity (authenticity),
responsibility, freedom, choice and meaning.
Particularly in clinical psychology,
existential psychological approaches have been seen as a
corrective to the more traditional forms
of psychotherapy (see Existence Analysis). Existence
psychology tries to avoid the classic doctor / patient
relationship, which has its role in medicine. One element of
this is not to consider adaptation disorders as mental
"diseases" of an organism.
Prominent representatives of the psychology of existence
are the Belgians Eugène Minkowski, the Swiss Ludwig
Binswanger and Medard Boss, the Austrian Viktor Frankl and
the American Irvin D. Yalom.
Egop psychology is a direction
within psychoanalytically influenced psychology that denotes
the ego's role (in theory and practice) in controlling
impulses and mastering. The most well-known representative
of this field of clinical psychology and psychiatry was
American Harry Stack Sullivan.
Egop psychology to some extent influenced Norwegian
psychiatry and psychology. In our day, interest has
gradually shifted from egopsychology to object relationship