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Neuropsychology can be defined as the study of
relationships between brain and behavior, that is, the study
of the relationship between behavior and structures and
functions of the nervous system. Neuropsychology is divided
into experimental neuroscience and applied science /
In clinical neuropsychological studies, brain function is
investigated using a wide range of tests of cognitive,
emotional, and behavioral functions.
The title of specialist in neuropsychology means
that the psychologist has completed a five-year
specialization program in clinical neuropsychology with the
requirements for practice, supervision, courses and written
work defined in the Norwegian Psychological Association 's
specialist regulations, with supplementary provisions for
the specialization area in neuropsychology.
Neuropsychological assessments are requested in
functional, course and / or differential diagnostic
Functional assessments are made where there is known
injury, illness or disability, and where the consequences of
this are desired to be mapped.
Progress assessments are intended to capture changes in
function / performance over time, for example, in the
development of a progressive condition, rehabilitation after
injury / illness, or through drug testing.
Differential diagnostic assessments can help to clarify
whether difficulties experienced are due to mental illness
or psychosocial stress, or are primarily caused by organic
disease or injury.
The study is carried out using a wide set of individual
tests where you can compare test results with norms you have
for healthy people when you take into account age and
education. The number and choice of tests will to some
extent depend on the problem. The interpretation emphasizes
both changes that are possibly detected and the pattern of
the changes that are possibly detected (also called test
Often, systematic assessment of psychosocial functioning
and mental symptom load will also be relevant. Many issues
will include personality assessments. This is done by using
structured mapping tools, such as self- and comparative
questionnaires or structured clinical interviews.
In Norway, only authorized psychologists, and preferably
psychologists, can write a report based on a
neuropsychological study. Several of the tests used in
neuropsychological investigations have requirements for
expertise in purchasing and use, where the minimum
requirement is most often that the buyer and user is a